Little looms are all the rage! Have you tried weaving with your handspun? Yarn that is considered great for garments fails to meet the demands of tapestry weaving. In the article “Woven Art: Weaving Tapestry with Handspun Yarn” from the Spin Off Spring 2017 issue, Rebecca Mezoff explains what qualities make the best tapestry yarn.
There are two primary things I consider when spinning for tapestry: What kind of reflectance do I want in the finished yarn? And what yarn properties will best allow me to create the image I desire?
Let’s start with reflectance. To a spinner, this quality is probably best expressed by the word luster. Lustrous yarns reflect a lot of light, which makes them shiny and allows the colors to glow. In a textile where the fibers are all packed closely together, a yarn with high reflectance can create some stunning effects. There are very few commercial tapestry yarns with this lustrous quality, so being able to create yarn from a luster longwool is one advantage of spinning your own tapestry yarn.
Of course, there are images for which your intent may not be to create this high luster or glow. In that case, as a handspinner, you can choose a fleece that is not lustrous. For example, if your image is a field of bright flowers on a deeply colored background, perhaps you’d make the yarn for the flowers out of a high-luster longwool such as Lincoln but the background, which you may not want to be so prominent in your image, out of a wool that has a lower degree of reflectance such as Merino.
Some of Rebecca's handspun, hand-dyed wool
The second consideration for a tapestry yarn has to do with structure. How a yarn acts in a textile is important depending on the function of the fabric. When I’m spinning yarn for a sweater, I’m often making a plied yarn that is spun woolen so that it is airy and light.
When weaving tapestry, we are putting many small bits of colored yarn together to form a picture. If those yarns are all different diameters, making them behave in the same way to create a textile that is flat and that expresses an image becomes difficult. So size matters. A yarn that is a consistent diameter is certainly easier to weave with. Some variation is acceptable, and thinner bits can be compensated for with extra passes in the weaving, but yarns of similar thickness are best.
If you’d like to weave tapestries, give it a try! Find or make a simple loom, spin yourself some weft and maybe even some warp, and start making those little scenes in the back of your head a reality in yarn.
Rebecca Mezoff has been weaving magic carpets for well over a decade now. She lives somewhere in the American Southwest where she frequently has to dump the sand out of her shoes. She teaches tapestry weaving online at www.rebeccamezoff.com. She also offers free information on how to weave tapestries on her blog at www.rebeccamezoff.com/blog.